The Role of Fiscal Incentives in the Transition to a Circular Economy: The Case of the Emilia-Romagna region
Public policies for waste regulation, particularly fiscal levers, can enable transition to a circular economy, but require public acceptance.
As a result of dedicated policies, climate factors for landfill were reduced by 65 per cent in Emilia-Romagna between 2008 and 2015. An additional reduction of up to 25 per cent could be achieved by 2020 following introduction of an innovative regional
waste tax in 2015. This waste tax is additional to household ‘pay as you throw’ and incentivises municipalities to develop efficient waste management systems.
This Insight presents the research activities undertaken by the University of Bologna, an Italian Climate-KIC partner, to examine urban waste systems in Emilia-Romagna prior to the introduction of this novel waste tax.